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Self-Quiz on Abnormal Psychology

Revised 4/4/2004. Welcome to the self-quiz on Abnormal Psychology. Read the question and click on an answer. You will jump to a correction or (if the answer is correct) a confirmation. No total score is provided for this quiz because it is meant to be browsed; you can scan the responses to wrong answers as well as right answers. If you run into problems or have a question, read the introductory paragraphs on the self-quiz index page.

  1. Under what circumstances can an adult in the U.S. be committed involuntarily to a psychiatric institution?
  2. Which is NOT covered by one or another of the five axes of DSM-IV?
  3. What is a typical symptom of schizophrenia?
  4. Which is NOT a typical symptom of mania?
  5. What is always found in cases of OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder)?
  6. What is most likely to be associated with a depersonalization disorder?
  7. What is typical of the schizoid personality disorder?
  8. What are two primary symptoms of the antisocial personality?
  9. Which of the following is NOT among typical symptoms of ADHD?
  10. What is dyslexia?

    End of multiple choice questions for Abnormal Psychology

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    ANSWERS AND DISCUSSION SECTION

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    You picked...

    if a police officer judges the person to be insane

    No, "insanity" in itself is not enough to get somebody committed to a mental institution in the U.S., and a police officer would never make this judgment independently anyway; a doctor (usually a psychiatrist, often two) would have to be involved.

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    You picked...

    if a psychiatrist says the person presents a danger to self or others

    Yes...this is what leads to a person being involuntarily committed in the U.S. Typically the case is reevaluated after a few days.

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    You picked...

    if relatives agree on commitment

    No, that is not enough to get a person put into a mental hospital, in the U.S., although parents can have a child committed if clinicians agree it is necessary.

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    You picked...

    if the person is always intoxicated

    No; many alcoholics are never committed to mental hospitals.

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    You picked...

    if the person hears voices

    No; this is a common symptom of schizophrenia, but it is not enough to get a person committed unless they have additional problems.

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    You picked...

    treatment code

    Correct. DSM-IV does not recommend treatments; it simply provides a system for diagnosing and categorizing mental and behavioral disorders.

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    You picked...

    conditions which may be a focus of clinical attention

    No, this is on Axis 1 of DSM-IV.

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    general medical conditions

    No, this is on Axis 3 of DSM-IV.

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    You picked...

    environmental problems such as poverty

    No, this is included in Axis 4 of DSM-IV, "psychosocial and environmental problems."

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    general level of functioning in normal life

    No, this is included in Axis 5, "Global Assessment of Functioning Scale."

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    You picked...

    nightmares

    No...actually, schizophrenics often report a striking lack of dreaming, although that is not considered a diagnostic sign.

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    You picked...

    an obsession with cleanliness

    No...that is not typically associated with schizophrenia. In severe cases of schizophrenia, simple tasks such as bathing or getting dressed may be difficult for a person to perform.

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    You picked...

    excessive "checking"

    No, that is a classic symptom of OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder), not schizophrenia.

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    You picked...

    heart palpatations

    No, rapid or irregular heartbeats are typically associated with anxiety attacks, but not schizophrenia.

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    You picked...

    hallucinations

    Yes: hallucinations (such as hearing voices) are a fairly serious symptom of psychosis such as schizophrenia.

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    You picked...

    bursts of activity

    No, bursts of activity are typical of mania.

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    You picked...

    persistence

    Yes; people in the midst of a manic episode tend not to be persistent; rather, they are likely to jump from one project to the next without finishing any of them.

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    You picked...

    intense emotions

    No, intense "affect" (emotion) is typical of a manic episode.

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    a "flight of ideas"

    No, a so-called flight of ideas is typical of manic episode. This occurs when thoughts jump suddenly between very different topics.

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    wild plans

    No, the creation of wild or very ambitious plans are typical of a person who is having a manic episode.

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    You picked...

    hallucinations

    No, hallucinations are not typically part of OCD.

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    You picked...

    excessive concern with cleanliness

    No...some people with OCD are obsessed with avoiding germs, but this is a not a defining characteristics of OCD.

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    phobias

    No, phobias might be a part of OCD, but they do not define it.

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    forbidden wishes

    No, OCD is more about avoiding anxiety than pursuing forbidden goals.

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    irrational impulses

    Yes. Whether it is obsessions (persistent thoughts) or compulsions (urges to carry out action) the person with OCD has irrational impulses which are hard to control, even if the person realizes intellectually that the impulses make no sense or are "crazy."

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    amnesia

    No, dissociative amnesia (as amnesia of psychological origins is labeled in DSM-IV) is not typically part of a depersonalization disorder.

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    You picked...

    killing someone without guilt

    No, that would be more typical of a person with the antisocial personality disorder (a "psychopath").

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    elective mutism

    No...elective mutism is a decision to remain silent. That is not part of the depersonalization disorder.

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    delusions

    No, although a person with a depersonalization disorder could have delusions (for example, could believe that episodes of depersonalization are caused by UFOs) that is not part of the definition of the syndrome.

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    You picked...

    feelings of unreality

    Yes. Depersonalization disorder is characterized by feelings of being disattached from one's body or one's self, as if living in a dream or outside one's body. These states are often labeled as "feeling unreal" or "not being part of reality."

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    delusions

    No, delusions are likely to be present with schizophrenia, but that is not the same thing as the schizoid personality disorder.

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    voluntary loneliness

    Yes. A person with schizoid personality disorder is sometimes described as a "loner by choice," disinclined to participate in social relationships, happier in solitary activity.

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    You picked...

    rambling speech

    No, rambling speech would be more typical of a schizophrenic person, not a person with a schizoid personality disorder. They are not the same thing.

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    You picked...

    multiple personality

    No, multiple personality is labeled "dissociative identity disorder," not schizoid personality disorder.

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    anger and suspicion

    No, that would be more typical of someone with the paranoid personality disorder, not the schizoid personality disorder.

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    guilt and pride

    No; a person with the antisocial personality disorder is usually free of guilt, even after doing terrible things.

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    You picked...

    anger and aggression

    No, a person with the antisocial personality disorder may be aggressive, but that is not part of the definition.

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    You picked...

    amorality and impulsiveness

    Yes; the person with an antisocial personality disorder typically does not see any reason to operate under normal moral codes and will impulsively do things which harm people or property.

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    You picked...

    hallucinations and delusions

    No, these are symptoms of schizophrenia more than the antisocial personality disorder.

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    hatred of society and willingness to take action against it

    No; although the person with antisocial personality disorder is willing to do antisocial things, obviously, such a person does not necessarily "hate society" but simply does not feel compelled to follow rules or respect other people's lives or property.

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    easily distracted

    No; a person with attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD) typically is easily distracted.

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    mean or aggressive to other children

    Yes; this is not part of the attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD) syndrome.

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    difficulty playing games according to the rules

    No, this is a typical symptom of attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD).

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    moves about excessively during sleep

    No, parents of children with attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD) often notice excessive movement during sleep.

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    impulsive

    No, people with attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD) do tend to be impulsive.

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    any impairment of language processing

    No, dyslexia is more specific than this.

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    an impairment of language processing due to minimal brain damage

    No; this was a theory of dyslexia a few years back, but nobody has turned up evidence of brain damage in dyslexics (at least, not to my knowledge).

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    inability to retrieve difficult vocabulary words, on command

    No, this is not the dyslexic person's problem.

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    a group of symptoms including stuttering and letter-reversals

    No; people associate letter reversals in childhood with dyslexia, and some dyslexics do that, but that is not part of the definition of the syndrome, nor is it typical in adulthood.

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    specific problems with reading

    Yes; by definition, dyslexia involves difficulty comprehending what is read. In DSM-IV it is labeled simply "Reading Disorder."

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    Write to Dr. Dewey at psywww@gmail.com.



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